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Ioan Gruffudd

Ioan Gruffudd (Welsh pronunciation: [ˈjo.an ˈɡrɪfɪð] ( listen); born 6 October 1973) is a Welsh actor.

Having trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, he started off in Welsh language film productions, then came to the public’s attention as Fifth Officer Harold Lowe in the film Titanic (1997), and as Lt John Beales in Black Hawk Down (2001). He is also known in the UK for playing the title role in Horatio Hornblower (1998–2003). In 2017, he played Andrew Earlham in the suspense six-part miniseries Liar, airing on ITV in the UK and SundanceTV in the US.

In June 2012, he filmed Mariah Mundi and the Midas Box throughout the south-west of England, playing the role of “Charles Mundi”; the film was released in 2014. Other film roles include Lancelot in King Arthur (2004), Mister Fantastic (Reed Richards) in Fantastic 4 (2005) and its sequel Fantastic 4: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007), and British anti-slavery abolitionist William Wilberforce in Amazing Grace (2006). He played Tony Blair in W. (2008). On television he has played Andrew Martin in Ringer, and Dr. Henry Morgan on the ABC drama, Forever. He was cast in the Lifetime Network series, UnReal in April 2016.

Gruffudd was born on 6 October 1973 in Llwydcoed, Aberdare, Wales, the eldest of three siblings. Gruffudd’s parents, Peter and Gillian (née James) Gruffudd, were both teachers.

His father was headmaster at two Welsh comprehensive schools in South Wales, first at Ysgol Gyfun Llanhari (in Llanharry, Rhondda Cynon Taf) then later at Ysgol Gyfun Rhydfelen (in Rhydfelin). He has a brother, Alun, two years younger, and a sister, Siwan, who is seven years his junior. The Gruffudd siblings were raised in a Protestant non-conformist household.

The Welsh name “Ioan”, pronounced “Yo-Ann”, is an equivalent of “John”, and “Gruffudd” corresponds to the anglicised “Griffith”.

During his childhood, his family moved to Cardiff. Gruffudd attended Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Aberdar (Ynyslwyd; now located in Cwmdare), Ysgol Gymraeg Melin Gruffydd (in Whitchurch, Cardiff), and Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Glantaf (in Llandaff).

He was an accomplished oboist in his teens, achieving a Grade 8 level in the ABRSM music examinations and playing in the South Glamorgan Youth Orchestra for several years, but gave it up once acting took up most of his time. He won prizes for his high baritone singing while at school, including one at the National Eisteddfod. He has said, “As a Welshman, I grew up in a culture of singing and performing with music, and I think it was through this performing that I got my confidence as an actor.”

Gruffudd’s parents are committed Christians, and in his early 20s he was a member of the London Church of Christ, but his mother later came to London to “sort [his] head out”. In June 2007, he said that he “wouldn’t describe myself as a deeply religious man”.

Gruffudd started his acting career at the age of 13 in a Welsh television film, Austin (1986), and later moved on to the Welsh language soap opera Pobol y Cwm (People of the Valley) from 1987 to 1994. He also played football with the Pobol y Cwm football team Cwmderi FC alongside co-stars Hywel Emrys, Gwyn Elfyn and Ieuan Rhys. During this time, he was also active on stage, in school performances, and in the 1991 Urdd Eisteddfod production of Cwlwm.

In 1992 running wrist pouch, aged 18, he began attending the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in London. However, he was only given small parts in the Academy’s productions, and feeling isolated and directionless, almost dropped out several times. However, in 1995 in his final year, he was cast in Ibsen’s Hedda Gabler as George (Jörgen) Tesman lime squeezer, the husband of Hedda, the lead character. This performance led to him being offered the lead role in the 1996 TV remake of Poldark.

After playing Oscar Wilde’s lover John Gray in 1997’s Wilde he took his first role as Fifth Officer Harold Lowe in the blockbuster film Titanic. He later landed the role of Horatio Hornblower in Hornblower, the Meridian production of the C. S. Forester novels (1998–2003), shown on ITV1 and A&E. He has said: “It was quite something for an unknown actor to get the lead. So I will always be grateful to Hornblower. … I would love to play this character through every stage of his life. I think it would be unique to have an actor playing him from the very early days as a midshipman, through till he’s an Admiral. So, I would love to play this character till he perishes.”

His television work includes playing the character Pip in the BBC TV production of Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations (1999), Lt. John Feeley in BBC One’s Warriors (1999) and architect Philip Bosinney in ITV’s adaptation of The Forsyte Saga (2002). He has starred in the films 102 Dalmatians (2000), Black Hawk Down (2001) and King Arthur (2004).

In 2007, he starred in the historical drama Amazing Grace as William Wilberforce, the British abolitionist, receiving critical acclaim for the role. Gruffudd has also portrayed characters of both Marvel Comics and DC Comics, having appeared as Mister Fantastic (Reed Richards) in Marvel’s Fantastic Four (2005) and Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007), and provided the voice of Mister Miracle in DC’s Justice League Unlimited (2004–06).

In 2008, he appeared in the Julia Roberts-Ryan Reynolds film, Fireflies in the Garden. In 2008, he also appeared in The Secret of Moonacre. In 2009, he starred alongside Josh Brolin in W., a biopic about the life of US President George W Bush, in which Gruffudd played Tony Blair. In 2011, he played the financier of a cave dive in Sanctum.

Gruffudd débuted his new male lead of Dr Andrew Earlham, a respected surgeon and widowed father of a teenage son, on 11 September 2017, in ITV’s new 6-part thriller miniseries, Liar. Dr Earlham’s world—personally and professionally—is torn asunder when his son’s schoolteacher, Laura Neilson (Joanne Froggatt) accuses him of raping her after their first date, the details of which she cannot remember. Liar also began airing in the US on SundanceTV on 25 September 2017.

Apart from television and film work, he starred in the music video of Westlife’s version of “Uptown Girl” (2001) alongside Claudia Schiffer. On 7 July 2007 he was a presenter at the UK leg of Live Earth at Wembley Stadium, London.

Gruffudd is a native Welsh speaker. He was inducted into the Gorsedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain (the Bardic Order of Great Britain) at the highest rank of druid in the National Eisteddfod at Meifod, mid-Wales, on 4 August 2003, with the bardic name “Ioan”.

In July 2008 he featured in a promotional trailer in Welsh for BBC Wales, alongside fellow Welshmen Matthew Rhys and Gethin Jones, publicising BBC coverage of the 2008 National Eisteddfod of Wales in Cardiff. In early 2014, Gruffudd was among the stars of Wales in a short film from the BBC to mark the centenary of the birth of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas.

Gruffudd lives with his wife, actress Alice Evans, in Los Angeles. The couple met during the production of 102 Dalmatians, while she was engaged and living with Olivier Picasso (a grandson of Pablo Picasso), and married on 14 September 2007 in Mexico. One of Gruffudd’s best men and speechmakers at the wedding was fellow Welsh actor Matthew Rhys, his long-time friend and former flatmate of eight years. Both are patrons of Trust PA, a UK spinal injuries charity.

On 20 April 2009, Gruffudd and Evans announced that they were expecting their first child together. The couple have two daughters, Ella Betsi Janet (born on September 6, 2009) and Elsie Marigold (born on September 6, 2013).

Gruffudd enjoys being in Los Angeles because “it’s the easiest place in the world to drive, and it’s a real pleasure to do that in my black Jag XK8. I’ve gone all out.” Gruffudd has also said that “There’s a physicality and confidence to Americans; they’re very present. That’s something I enjoy being around because it rubs off on you. Although an actor friend of mine visited recently and said, ‘It’s no wonder they write such terrible scripts these days, there’s no pain! Everything’s so nice you can’t be bothered’.”

Some information in this table was obtained from . Hamilton Hodell Talent Management. Archived from on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2008. 

Olympische Sommerspiele 2008/Teilnehmer (Nauru)

Nauru nahm bei den Olympischen Spielen 2008 in Peking zum vierten Mal an Olympischen Sommerspielen teil und wurde durch einen Athleten vertreten.

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Голубовский, Борис Эдуардович

25 апреля 1923(1923-04-25)

с. Дубовая, Полесский район, Киевская область

17 июля 1945(1945-07-17) (22 года)

Латвия

СССР СССР

бронетанковые войска

1941—1945

Великая Отечественная война

Борис Эдуардович Голубовский (1923—1945) — старший лейтенант Рабоче-крестьянской Красной Армии, участник Великой Отечественной войны, Герой Советского Союза (1945).

Борис Голубовский родился 25 апреля 1923 года в селе Дубовая (ныне — Полесский район Киевской области Украины) в крестьянской семье. В августе 1941 года он был призван на службу в Рабоче-крестьянскую Красную Армию wholesale youth football jerseys. В 1942 году Голубовский окончил Орловское бронетанковое училище. С февраля того же года — на фронтах Великой Отечественной войны. Принимал участие в боях на Воронежском, Юго-Западном и 1-м Прибалтийском фронтах. К августу 1944 года старший лейтенант Борис Голубовский командовал ротой 79-й танковой бригады 19-го танкового корпуса 43-й армии 1-го Прибалтийского фронта. Отличился во время освобождения Литовской ССР.

5-10 августа 1944 года Голубовский во главе передового отряда, состоящего из четырёх танков Т-34 lime squeezer, выбил немецкие войска с их позиций и ворвался в местечко Нямунелё-Радвилишкис, где уничтожил танк «Тигр» и САУ «Фердинанд». В бою был ранен, но поля боя не покинул, продолжая вести бой. Когда танк Голубовского загорелся stainless steel hydration bottle, он выбрался из него и автоматным огнём уничтожил большое количество солдат и офицеров противника. Действия Голубовского и его отряда способствовали успешному выполнению боевой задачи.

Указом Президиума Верховного Совета СССР от 24 марта 1945 года старший лейтенант Борис Голубовский был удостоен высокого звания Героя Советского Союза с вручением ордена Ленина и медали «Золотая Звезда».

В одном из последующих боёв Голубовский получил тяжёлое ранение, от которого скончался 17 июля 1945 года. Похоронен в Риге.

Был также награждён орденом Отечественной войны 2-й степени и медалью. В честь Голубовского названа улица в посёлке Полесское, там же установлен его бюст.

Sucker (zoology)

Sucker in zoology refers to specialised attachment organ of an animal. It acts as an adhesion device in parasitic worms, cephalopods, and certain fishes and bats. It is a muscular structure for suction on the host or substrate. In parasitic worms such as annelids, flatworms and roundworms, suckers are the organs of attachment to the host tissues. In tapeworms and flukes, they are parasitic adaptation for attachment on the internal tissues of the host, such as intestines and blood vessels. In roundworms they serve as attachment between individual particularly during mating. In annelids, a sucker can be both functional mouth and locomotory organ. The structure and number of suckers are often used as basic taxonomic diagnosis between different species, since they are unique in each species. In tapeworms there are two distinct classes of suckers, namely “bothridia” for true suckers, and “bothria” for false suckers. In digenetic flukes there are oral sucker at the mouth and ventral sucker (or acetabulum) posterior to the mouth. Roundworms have their sucker just in front of the anus, hence, is often called preanal sucker.

Among chordates some fishes and mammals have suckers, which are used as holdfast to substrata. Among fishes some members of the order Perciformes have modified fins to form sucker. Sucker-footed bats have unusual suckers on their limbs and are specially useful during roosting.

In the class Turbellaria, only the species of the order Temnocephalida are parasitic and possess an adhesive disc. The sucker is present at the posterior end on the ventral side. It is lined with syncytial epidermis and numerous microvilli. Beneath the apical membrane are many vacuoles and dense bodies. It is attached to the body through a short stalk. Densely packed muscle fibres link the sucker with the main body through the stalk.

Udonellids are symbiotic to fishes, on which body they remain attached using a sucker. The sucker is a membranous extension of the posterior end. It has an indistinct stalk and the anterior surface is lined with microvilli. Some portion of the tegument has interconnected surface extension appearing as loops. The interior is divided into several compartments which are surrounded by interconnected connective tissue. The connective tissues are linked with muscles that extend into the main body.

In tapeworms, the sucker is called bothridium (plural “bothridia”) to differentiate it from sucker-like protrusion called bothria in some species.

Among the flukes belonging to class Digenea, there are two suckers, namely an oral sucker and a ventral sucker (often called acetabulum). The oral sucker is at the tip of the anterior body and directly surrounds the mouth. The ventral sucker is located halfway to the middle of the body on the ventral side. They are both used for attachment to intestinal wall and blood vessels. The detailed structure of the suckers, presence or absence of hooks, and their exact position on the body are major taxonnomic keys between species.

In the class Monogenea, buccal organs, also known as buccal suckers, are present in worm parasites of the order Mazocraeidea. They are known to have muscular, glandular, and sensory components thought to play some role in blood feeding. In other species like Anoplodiscus, the sucker is a posterior extension, connected to the main body through a small stalk. The surface is profusely covered with microvilli. It is used for symbiotic association with fishes glass bottle drinks.

Parasitic roundworms such as species of Ascaridia and Heterakis possess a single sucker at the posterior end of the body lime squeezer, just in front of anus, hence is often called preanal sucker. Only the male roundworms have them, and are used for attachment to female during mating. The sucker is a protruding cuticle and circular in shape.

Annelid worms such as leeches all have an anterior (oral) sucker formed from the first six segments of their body, which is used to connect to a host for feeding. It also releases an anaesthetic to prevent the host from feeling pain while it sucks blood. They use a combination of mucus and suction (caused by concentric muscles in those six segments) to stay attached and secrete an anti-clotting enzyme, hirudin, into the host’s blood stream. The medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) has two suckers, one at each end, called the anterior and posterior sucker. The posterior is mainly used for leverage while the anterior sucker, consisting of the jaw and teeth, is where the feeding takes place. During locomotion directional movement of the body is done by successive attachment and detachment of the oral sucker and the acetabulum.

Cepaholopods are characterised by elongated appendages for locomotion and grasping object. There are two main types: arms, such as in octopus, bearing numerous suckers along its ventral surface; and tentacles, such as in squid and cuttlefish, having a single sucker at the tip. Each sucker is a circular and bowl-like curved. It in turn has two distinct parts: an outer shallow cavity called infundibulum and a central hollow cavity called acetabulum. Both these structures are thick muscles, and are covered with chitinous cuticle to make a protective surface. It is used for grasping substratum, catching prey and for locommotory accessory. When the sucker attaches itself on an object, the infundibulum maily provides adhesion while the central acetabulum is quite free. The sequential muscle contraction the infundibulum and acetabulum causes attachment and detachment.

Species of fish belonging to the families Gobiidae, Echeneidae and Cyclopteridae have suckers which are modified fins. These fishes use their suckers to substrata or to bigger fishes. In gobies the fused pelvic fins form a disc-shaped sucker. Amphidromous gobies particularly use their suckers for climbing through waterfalls during their developmental migrations. In remoras the sucker is modified dorsal fin. In lumpsuckers the sucker is modified pelvic fins, located ventrally, and behind the pectoral fins.

Certain species of bats such as Madagascar sucker-footed bat and Western sucker-footed bat, are generally called “sucker-footed bats” because of suckers on their limbs. They are members of the family Myzopodidae and endemic to Madagascar. They have small cups of suckers on their wrists and ankles. They roost inside the rolled leaves of palm trees, using their suckers to attach themselves to the smooth surface.