North Bihar (Hindi: उत्तर बिहार, Maithili उतरबारी बिहार/ উতরবারী বিহার) is a disputed term used for the region of Bihar, lying on north of Ganga river and east of Gandak river.
Maithili is the mother tongue of most of the people from North Bihar. Different variances of Maithili is spoken in the region.
Agriculture is the main economic activity of the region.
The above industries have generated considerable employment and have also been helpful in establishing a number of small industries including a few cottage industries. The most important item that is manufactured in Muzaffarpur city is railway wagon. While darbhanga is well known for producing quality makhana (grout nut) most of them are exported to other parts of india and dudhia malda variety of mangoes
There are several rivers flowing through this region from north to south and merge in the Ganges river. These rivers along with floods bring every year fertile soil to the region. However, sometimes government sponsored floods causes loss of thousands of lives. Major rivers of North Bihar are Mahananda, Gandak, Kosi, Bagmati, Kamala, Balan, Budhi Gandak.
Since beginning of human civilization, rivers have been an important part of humam life. North Bihar has 7 major rivers and several tributaries to them. All these rivers receive water from the Himalaya. This is the reason, these rivers never have shortage of water. Every year, any of these rivers had been bringing valuable floods for the people of North Bihar. Flood waters used to enter the agriculture land, leave their silt, which are quite fertile, and recede to the river. This pattern of humane flood was boon for North Bihar. This made her land extremely fertile. But, natural floods are no more in North Bihar the best way to tenderize a steak.
Soon after independence, the Congress Government of Bihar made several attempts to domesticate these rivers. High barriers or Bandhs were made on their both banks thermos flask stainless steel. This resulted in inhumane and destructive floods. Bandhs caused deposition of silts in the bottom of rivers, because of which, depth of revers decreased; and so their water holding capacity also decreased. This is the reason these rivers bring more frequent floods now. With flood water, sand comes in force and gets deposited on the land. This way the land of the region in turning barrel. Floods, which was once boon for North Bihar, has now turned to be curse for it.
The 2008 Kosi flood was one of the most disastrous floods in the history of North Bihar bobble remover, an impoverished and densely populated region in India. A breach in the Kosi embankment near the Indo-Nepal border (at Kusha in Nepal) occurred on 18 August 2008. The river changed course and inundated areas which hadn’t experienced floods in many decades. The flood affected over 2.3 million people in North Bihar.
The flood killed 250 people and forced nearly 3 million people from their homes in North Bihar. More than 300,000 houses were destroyed and at least 340,000 hectares (840,000 acres) of crops were damaged. Villagers in North Bihar ate raw rice and flour mixed with polluted water. Hunger and disease were widespread. The Supaul district was the worst-hit lint remover for clothes; surging waters swamped 1,000 square kilometres (247,000 acres) of farmlands, destroying crops.
The Kosi before it flooded in August 2008
The Kosi during the August 2008 flood
Satellite image of flood waters in Bihar as of 31 August 2008; Image:UNOSAT