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Клан Мактавиш

Помни меня, когда я умру (лат. Non Oblitus)

Аргайл

Мактавиш (англ. MacTavish) — один из кланов горной части Шотландии.

У Мактавишей и Кэмпбеллов, возможно, общие корни natural meat tenderiser. Клан Мактавиш называет своим родоначальником Тависа Койра, незаконного сына Колина Мэла Мэйта и дочери лорда Суибне. О Койре не известно ничего определённого, но о нём часто упоминают хронисты. В частности, в генеалогии Кэмпбеллов, составленной в XVII веке, утверждается, что сводный брат Койра, Гиллеспик или Арчибальд, был родоначальником Кэмпбеллов, а другой брат, Айвер — Макайверов.

Аластэр Кэмпбелл считает, что основателем клана Мактавишей является не полулегендарный Койр, а историческая фигура, сэр Томас Кэмбел glass gym bottle. Того же мнения придерживается Дэвид Селлар.

Сэр Томас Кэмбел упоминается в списке кинтайрских землевладельцев за 1292 год. Его подпись («Томас Кэмбел, королевский подданный из Пертшира») присутствует в Рагманских свитках 1296 год. В 1324 году, скорее всего, после его смерти, его сын Дункан получил от короля земли в Аргайле, и в 1355 году уже был известен как Дунканус МакТамэйс.

Мактавиши несколько веков жили в крепости Данардри, хотя точно не известно, кто и когда именно её построил. Она определённо уже существовала в 1634 году, в 1704 году была перестроена. Сейчас на её месте ничего нет, так как её затопил Кринанский канал.

Андерсон • Артур • Бетюн • Гамильтон • Ганн • Глас • Грант • Гэлбрейт • Драммонд • Дэвидсон • Камерон • Кинкейд • Колкахун • Кэмпбелл • Кэмпбелл из Бредолбана • Кэмпбелл из Кодора • Ламонт • Логан • Магилливрей • Макайвер • Макалистер • Макальпин • Макбин • Макбрейн • Макгрегор • Макдауэлл • Макдональд • Макдональд из Кеппоха • Макдональд из Кланраналда • Макдональд из Слита • Макдоннел из Гленгарри • Макдугалл • Макай • Маккензи • Маккиннон • Макиннс • Макинтайр • Макинтош • Маккаллум • Маккоркодейл • Маккуин • Маккуорри • Макларен • Маклахлан • Маклауд • Маклауд из Льюиса • Маклейн • Макленнан • Макмиллан • Макнаб • Макникейл • Макникол • Макнил • Макнотен • Маколей • Макрей • Мактавиш Мактомас • Макфарлан • Макферсон • Макфи • Манро • Мензис • Мерсер • Монкриф • Моррисон • Мур • Мэтисон • Мюррей • Мюррей из Атолла • Непьер • Николсон • Огилви • Олифант • Раттрей • Робертсон • Росс • Роуз • Сазерленд • Синклер • Скримжур • Стюарт • Стюарт из Аппина • Стюарт из Бьюта • Фаркуарсон • Флетчер • Форрестер • Фрэзер • Хаттан • Шоу • Эркарт

Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria

Archduke Peter Ferdinand Salvator Karl Ludwig Maria Joseph Leopold Anton Rupert Pius Pancraz of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Prince of Tuscany) (12 May 1874, Salzburg, Austria-Hungary – 8 November 1948, St. Gilgen personalized soccer t shirts, Salzburg, Austria) was an Austro-Hungarian Archduke and an Army Commander in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I. He was also the titular Grand Duke of Tuscany from 2 May 1921 to 8 November 1948.

Peter Ferdinand was the fourth child and third-eldest son of Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany and his wife Alice of Bourbon-Parma natural meat tenderiser. His two elder brothers married morganatically.

Peter Ferdinand had a career in the army. In 1908 he was a Colonel, in 1911 Major General and on 23 April 1914 he was promoted to Feldmarschall-Leutnant. At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, he was commander of the 25th Infantry Division, with which he fought against Russia in Galicia and southern Poland, as part of the Austro-Hungarian II Corps. General Moritz von Auffenberg later blamed Peter Ferdinand to have prevented by his actions the encirclement of the entire 5th Russian army during the Battle of Komarów. In June 1915, Peter Ferdinand was relieved of command and the 25th Division was taken over by Major General Joseph Poleschensky.

On April 17, 1917 he was reinstated and, as a General of the Infantry, put in command of an Army Corps on the Italian front metal water canteen. His Corps first defended the Ortler Range and then covered the flank of the 14th German Army during its advance in the Battle of Caporetto. On August 15, 1918 his Corps, now stationed in Trentino, was renamed to V Army Corps. From October 26, 1918, in the last days of the war, he commanded the 10th Army in Trento on behalf of Field Marshal Alexander von Krobatin.

Peter Ferdinand married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of Prince Alfonso best glass bottled water, Count of Caserta and his wife Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, on 8 November 1900 in Cannes, France. Peter Ferdinand and Maria Cristina had four children:

Restaurant Brands International

3G Capital

Restaurant Brands International is a Canadian multinational fast food company. Formed by the $12.5 billion merger between American fast food restaurant chain Burger King and the Canadian coffee shop and restaurant chain Tim Hortons, the company is the third-largest operator of fast food restaurants in the world natural meat tenderiser. The company is based alongside Tim Hortons in Oakville, Ontario, but both chains retain their existing operations and headquarters in Oakville and Miami respectively. The merger focused primarily on expanding the international reach of the Tim Hortons brand, and providing financial efficiencies for both companies.

The company is majority-owned by the Brazilian investment company 3G Capital—the previous majority owner of Burger King—holding a 51% stake. The remainder of the company is publicly traded on the New York and Toronto Stock Exchanges, and owned by the prior shareholders of Burger King and Tim Hortons. The deal was approved by Tim Hortons’ shareholders on December 9, 2014, and the company began trading on December 15, 2014.

On August 24, 2014, U.S. fast food chain Burger King announced that it was in negotiations to merge with the Canadian coffee shop and restaurant chain Tim Hortons; the proposed merger would involve a tax inversion into Canada, with a new holding company majority-owned by Burger King’s current majority-owner 3G Capital, and the remaining shares in the company held by current Burger King and Tim Hortons shareholders. A Tim Hortons representative stated that the proposed merger would allow Tim Hortons to leverage Burger King’s resources for international growth; the two chains would retain separate operations post-merger. News of the proposal caused Tim Hortons’ shares to increase in value by 28 percent.

On August 25, 2014, Burger King officially confirmed its intent to acquire Tim Hortons Inc. in a deal totalling CDN$12.5 billion (US$11.4 billion). 3G Capital would purchase the company at $65.50 per-share, and existing shareholders would receive $65.50 in cash and 0.8025 shares in the new holding company: per-share—all-cash ($88.50) and all-shares (3.0879) options would also be available. Due to its iconic status in Canadian culture, Caira reassured the integrity of Tim Hortons following the purchase, stating that the acquisition would “enable us to move more quickly and efficiently to bring Tim Hortons’ iconic Canadian brand to a new global customer base.”

Although tax inversions, a process in which a company decreases the amount of taxes it pays by moving its headquarters to a country with lower rates, but maintains the majority of their operations in their previous location, have been a recent financial trend, it did not have as much of an impact on Burger King’s reincorporation in Canada how to tenderize tough steak. The corporate tax rate in the United States is 39.1%, while Canada’s corporate tax rate is only 26%: however, Burger King had already used various sheltering techniques to reduce its tax rate to 27.5%. As a high-profile instance of tax inversion, news of the merger was criticized by U.S. politicians, who felt that the move would result in a loss of tax revenue to foreign interests, and could result in further government pressure against inversions (which had, until the Burger King merger, been primarily invoked by pharmaceutical firms). 3G Capital co-founder Alex Behring denied that the merger was tax-related, stating that it was “fundamentally about growth and creating value through accelerated expansion.”

The deal was approved by the Canadian Competition Bureau on October 28, 2014, ruling that the deal was “unlikely to result in a substantial lessening or prevention of competition.” The deal was approved by Minister of Industry James Moore on December 4, 2014: the two companies agreed to conditions, requiring that the Burger King and Tim Hortons chains retain separate operations, not combine locations in Canada and the United States, maintain “significant employment levels” at the Oakville headquarters, and ensure that Canadians make up at least 30% of Tim Hortons’ board of directors. Tim Hortons shareholders approved the merger on December 9, 2014: the same day, it was announced that the new holding company would be known as Restaurant Brands International, and trade under the ticker symbol QSR. Vice-chairman Marc Caira felt that the merger was the “next chapter” for Tim Hortons football socks youth, envisioning a “bolder, more assertive, and dynamic Tim Hortons in the future” alongside its prospects for international expansion.

3G Capital (which held a 71% majority stake in Burger King) holds a 51% majority stake in Restaurant Brands International. Berkshire Hathaway, who partially funded the merger, holds a 4.8% stake. Burger King CEO Daniel Schwartz serves as CEO of the company, with previous Tim Hortons CEO Marc Caira being vice-chairman and director. Elías Díaz Sesé, formerly of Burger King’s Asia-Pacific operations, was named the new president of Tim Hortons, while Jose Cil, formerly of Burger King’s EMEA operations, was named the new president of Burger King.