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Saint (manhua)

Saint (Chinese: 大聖王; pinyin: Dàshèng wáng; literally: “The Great Saint King”) is a manhua by Hong Kong comics artist Khoo Fuk Lung. It follows the life and adventures of Sun Wukong, the monkey king from the novel Journey to the West. It was first published by Jade Dynasty[when?] and is licensed by Yuk Long Limited.

A stone monkey is born from the divine rock as a child of the Heaven and Earth. Di Shi Tian, the Jade Emperor who presides over Heaven, orders thunder deity Lei Gong to inflict Heavenly Punishment on the monkey, but Lei Gong is unable to do so. The monkey studies the 73 transformations from Puti Laozu the Master of the Sun, and is given the name Sun Wukong. Lei Gong attempts to eliminate him again with Heavenly Punishment, but Sun uses his abilities to protect his master and his fellow students.
Sun receives the title of Bumayun (horsekeeper) from Di Shi Tian, and finds the position to be lowly. He fights with some deities, including Tianpeng Yuanshai. He rescues 108 demons from Pangu’s temple. Dashan Ru Lai captures Sun and imprisons him in Mount Wu Xing. Di Shi Tian punishes Sanyan Zhanshen and Beidou-Xingjun for their carelessness.
A strange old man provokes Xuanzang. Erlang, the reincarnation of Sanyan Zhanshen, commits many crimes by killing demons, and gets Taizong, the Tang Dynasty Emperor, and his servants involved. Yuchi Gong dies. Xuanzang uses a divine rod to eliminate the demons attacking the emperor. Taizong gives Xuanzang the title of Saintly Monk.
Xuanzang recruits Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie, Sha Wujing and Xiao Bailong to his group and goes on the mission to retrieve the Sanzangjing (“Three Collections of (Buddhist) Scriptures”) from the West. On the way they fight Jinjiao (gold horn) and Yinjiao (Silver Horn). They defeat Jinjiao, kill the Scorpion King, and Hei Nuhou (Black Queen). They become friends with Jinjiao and Tianxun Niang. They challenge Baoluwang. Sun and Baoluwang become sworn brothers. Sun then helps Baoluwang and Feng Hou fight against the Heavenly Punishment. Erlang combines Jimo Yuansu (極魔元素, ultimate demon element) with Baoluwang’s son, and transforms him into a jimo.[jargon]
Sun Wukong is a child of the Heaven and the Earth, born from a divine rock. In the early chapters, Di Shi Tian orders the thunder deity Lei Gong to eliminate him, but Lei Gong is unable to. In his youth, Sun leads the monkeys and monsters in the Mountain of Flowers and Fruit and sets camp in Shuilian Cave. After an old monkey dies, Sun travels to the fairy island to learn skills and magic from grandmaster Pútí, including 73 transformations. Because he gives Puti trouble, he leaves his master and instigates a rebellion against Heaven. While fighting Sanyan Zhanshen, he rescues 108 demons, which angers Di Shi Tian and which provokes Dashan Ru Lai ted baker dresses 2016. As a result, he is imprisoned inside Mount Wu Xing. He steals Pangu’s Ruyi Jingu Bang staff and eats the empress Tianmu Niangniang’s “Peaches of Immortality”. He is based on Sun Wukong from the Journey to the West stories.
Xuanzang (玄奘) is the title character of Saint. He is a Buddhist monk who was reincarnated from Jinchanzi, a disciple of Ru Lai. He assembles and leads a group of characters to recover the Sānzàngjīng, the “Three Collections of (Buddhist) Scriptures”.
Xuanzang’s group includes the following characters:
The Heaven world is ruled by Di Shi Tian. Major characters include:
Other characters include:
The Four Weather Gods are:
The Four Gatekeeper-Gods (四大門神 Si Da Men Shen) are the guardians of Heaven. They are based on the Four Heavenly Kings who assist Jiang Ziya in The Investiture of the Gods.
The Four Guardians (四灳神將 Si Ling Zhanxiang) also come from Chinese mythology under the name Four Symbols. They also have directional titles. They consist of:
The guardian of time is Long Shen (龙神). He moves Sun Wukong to the year 2004, and three demons to the year 2003, where they create many crimes. The author uses those monsters to describe the reason of the outbreak of SARS. He is based on the dragon guardian Huang Long, who is the leader of Ssu Ling Gods.
The Realm of the Dead, or Hells (地獄 Diyu) led by King Yanluo (閻羅王), who is based on Yama in Chinese mythology, and is in charge of Ox-Head and Horse-Face, Black and White Impermanence. One of the demon hunters in the Realm is Zhong Kui (鍾馗) who was formerly a vanquisher of ghosts and evil beings in the human world, based on the character of the same name.
The Buddhists are part of the Lei Yin Temple. They are led by master Da Shan Ru Lai, who defeats Sun Wukong after he causes a rebellion against Tianjie. He arranges for Sun Wukong to assist his disciple Xuanzang to get the Three Collections of Scriptures (三藏經 Sānzàngjīng, Tripiṭaka). Da Shan Ru Lai (大善如来) is based on Siddhārtha Gautama, the chief Tathāgata. Other Buddhists involved in the series include Xiao Shan Guan Yin (小善觀音), a nun who helps Xuanzang’s group many times and has attracted Sun Wukong’s interest. She is based on Guan Yin or Avalokiteśvara. Also serving the Lei Yin Temple are the Eighteen Arhats.
The manhua features the following rulers and government officials from the Tang Dynasty:
The Taoists are led by grandmaster Puti Laozu (菩提老祖). Puti is based on Subhuti, Wukong’s first master in Journey to the West. He teaches Sun Wukong 73 transformations. Because of Sun’s rebellion, he is banned from becoming a deity. Puti Laozu has several disciples, including: Puti Zi (菩提子), a girl who travels to defeat 108 evil spirits; Ya Ya (啞啞), the elder pupil who is the same generation as Sun and fights Jian Weishi to protect Yun Yu; and Sun Chimao (孫翅毛), known as the Godly Doctor discount clothing.
The stories with the 72 caverns feature the following kings:
The Huoyan Zu (火宴族) family consists of:
Wansui Yaodi (萬歲妖帝, lit. Ten-Thousand Year Old Demon King) is the lord of the Demon Realm. Sanyan Zhanshen joins Mojie and calls himself Sanyan Moshen. There are also the following characters:
The Yiwa Feng (一窩峰) are a demon tribe led by Sishen-jiangjun. The characters are named after Chinese chess pieces:
Other characters include Chuanxin-ma (穿心馬, lit. Heart-piercing horse, based on the horse piece), Xuncheng-ju (巡城車, lit. Castle-patrol chariot, based on the chariot piece), Guogong-pao (郭攻砲, lit. Guarding-castle cannon, based on the cannon piece), and the Yaozu soldiers (妖卒, based on the soldier piece).
There are five types of Dragons in the series. Tianlong (天龍, Heavenly Dragon) is the lord of the dragons, and the form that Di Shi Tian takes; Bailong (白龍, White Dragon), the female dragons, and the form that Tianmu Niangniang takes; Jiuzhao Jinlong (九爪金龍, Nine-claw Golden Dragon), the dragons of men, and the incarnations of men’s emperors; Nielong (孼龍, Misfortune Dragon), the dragons of the sea that are a later generation of Tianlong; and Molong (魔龍, Demon Dragon), the dragons of evil and the later generation of Nielong.
Saint makes numerous references to Chinese novels and stories including Journey to the West, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Old Book of Tang, Investiture of the Gods and Book of Han. It includes heroes from those novels such as Lu Bu and his charge Chitu from Romance of the Three Kingdoms; deities from Fengshen Yanyi; Emperor Taizong of Tang and his servants from Old Book of Tang; and Liu Bang and Xiang Yu from Book of Han. The Investiture of the Gods storyline has the Fengshen plan that was made by Di Shi Tian to destroy King Zhou and his demonic army. The revolution was led by Jiang Ziya and Ji Fa with help from the deities. The lost deities’ souls were kept in Fengshen Tai.

Bill McGill

Bill “The Hill” McGill (September 16, 1939 – July 11, 2014) was an American basketball player. His life is chronicled in “Billy ‘The Hill’ and the Jump Hook,” as told by him to Eric Brach

A 6’9″ center/forward from the University of Utah, he was the NCAA scoring leader in the 1961-1962 season with 1,009 points in 26 games (38.8 points per game), a higher one-season average than any previous player except Frank Selvy in the 1953-1954 season. McGill was honored in 2008 as a member of the University of Utah All-Century team.
McGill was selected by the Chicago Zephyrs with the first pick of the 1962 NBA Draft. He played three seasons (1962–65) in the NBA and 2 seasons (1968–70) in the ABA. In his ABA/NBA career, he scored a combined 3,094 points.
His pro basketball career did not bring him wealth or security. By the early 1970s ted baker dresses 2016, he was in debt and living on the streets before sportswriter Brad Pye Jr. arranged for McGill to be employed by Hughes Aircraft; that job ended in 1995.
He died on July 11, 2014 from natural causes at the age of 74.

Harvey Edward Fisk

Harvey Edward Fisk (1856 – October 8, 1944) was an American banker and financial writer. At the time of his death he was the only surviving son of Harvey Fisk, who founded the banking house of Fisk & Hatch in 1862 and helped the Union finance the Civil War. He was associated with his brother Pliny Fisk, who was an outstanding investment banker before the first World War, in the management of their father’s firm.
Fisk was born in Jersey City in 1856. His mother was the former Louisa Green of Trenton. He graduated from Princeton University in 1877 and immediately joined the firm of Fisk & Hatch. In 1885 the firm was reorganized and became Harvey Fisk & Sons. Mr. Fisk specialized in railroad securities.
He resigned from the family company in 1898 and a year later formed a partnership with George H. Robinson for investment banking purposes. Harvey E. Fisk retired from the firm of Fisk & Robinson, on January 13, 1915. This caused the partnership to expire by limitation. The business continued at the same location, 26 Exchange Place, under the name of Robinson & Co. with members being George H. Robinson, Thomas G. Cook, and J. Stanley Brown. Fisk announced that he would be located hereafter at the office of Harvey Fisk & Sons. Three years later Mr. Fisk joined the Bankers Trust Company as a research writer.
Fisk specialized in the preparation of pamphlets and books on public finance, and, in one book, calculated that the total direct expenditure for World War I amounted to $223,000,000,000. He remained with the Bankers Trust until his retirement in 1930.
In 1909, Harvey E. Fisk is reported to have sold his house at 12 East 53rd Street in Manhattan. The house was built for Mr. Fisk by Charles T. Wills from plans by Raleigh C. Gildersleeve. Previously there was an old brownstone on the lot which was owned by Walter G. Oakman. This was torn down except for the side walls, and a new dwelling put into its place. The unusual depth of the lot of 119.5 feet, allowed Fisk to carry out a plan of having three extra deep rooms. The main floor had a large reception room in front, a large music room in the middle, and an imposing dining room at the rear. This house which is still extant is a five-story American basement house, with a frontage of 37.6 feet. The house was sold to William L. Harkness, Standard Oil heir, for $400,000. All of the furnishing were including the rugs and tapestries that had been bought abroad, were included in the purchase. Harkness was a cousin of noted philanthropist Edward Harkness.
Harvey Edward Fisk was engaged in extensive philanthropic work. In his younger days he sponsored a boys’ club on the West Side in New York. He also helped raise funds for Mercer Hospital in Trenton, New Jersey, where he died. Up to his death he was actively involved in the work of the Princeton University Library and was an honorary curator there of the Benjamin Strong collection of books on industry and finance.
Harvey Edward Fisk married Mary Lee Scudder in 1879. Mrs. Fisk for many years engaged in social service work with the Riverside Association. During World War I she devoted her time to aiding the United States Navy, and later provided clothing for wounded men returning from France. She was former chairman of the executive committee of the Sorosis Club, a life member of the New Jersey Society of the Colonial Dames of America and a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution. At the time of her death, Mrs. Fisk was living in her apartment at the Madison Square Hotel, 37 Madison Avenue.
In addition to his brother Pliny, Harvey E. Fisk’s other brothers were Charles J. Fisk, banker and former Mayor of Plainfield, New Jersey; Wilbur C ted baker dresses 2016. Fisk, former president of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company; and Alexander G. Fisk, also a banker. Harvey Edward Fisk married Mary Lee Scudder of Trenton, New Jersey, in 1879. They remained married until her death in 1941. Fisk had two sons: Harvey E. Fisk, Jr., of Fairfield, Connecticut, and Kenneth Fisk of Roseland, New Jersey, and three sisters, Miss Mary Louis Fisk, Mrs. Samuel Wood Thurber of Princeton, and Mrs. John Warren DuBois Gould of 102 East Twenty-second Street, New York City. Harvey Edward Fisk died at the age of 88 on October 8, 1944.

Haskins Laboratories

Haskins Laboratories is a private, independent, international, 501(c) non-profit corporation. It is a multidisciplinary community of researchers which conducts basic research on spoken and written language. Founded in 1935 and located in New Haven, Connecticut since 1970, It views speech and language as biological processes. The Laboratories has a long history of technological and theoretical innovation, from creating the rules for speech synthesis and the first working prototype of a reading machine for the blind to developing the landmark concept of phonemic awareness as the critical preparation for learning to read.

Haskins Laboratories is equipped, in-house, with a comprehensive suite of tools and capabilities to advance its mission of research into language and literacy. These include (as of 2014):
Additionally, Haskins has access to MRI scanners through agreements with the University of Connecticut/Storrs and the Yale School of Medicine.
Scores of researchers have contributed to scientific breakthroughs at Haskins Laboratories since its founding. All of them are indebted to the pioneering work and leadership of Caryl Parker Haskins , Franklin S. Cooper , Alvin Liberman , Seymour Hutner and Luigi Provasoli . This history focuses on the research program of the main division of Haskins Laboratories that, since the 1940s, has been most well known for its work in the areas of speech, language and reading.
Caryl Haskins and Franklin S. Cooper established Haskins Laboratories in 1935. It was originally affiliated with Harvard University, MIT, and Union College in Schenectady, NY. Caryl Haskins conducted research in microbiology, radiation physics, and other fields in Cambridge, MA and Schenectady. In 1939 the Laboratories moved its center to New York City. Seymour Hutner joined the staff to set up a research program in microbiology, genetics, and nutrition. The descendant of this program is now part of Pace University in New York.
The U. S. Office of Scientific Research and Development, under Vannevar Bush asked Haskins Laboratories to evaluate and develop technologies for assisting blinded World War II veterans. Experimental psychologist Alvin Liberman joined the Laboratories to assist in developing a “sound alphabet” to represent the letters in a text for use in a reading machine for the blind. Luigi Provasoli joined the Laboratories to set up a research program in marine biology. The program in marine biology moved to Yale University in 1970 and disbanded with Provasoli’s retirement in 1978.
Franklin S. Cooper invented the pattern playback, a machine that converts pictures of the acoustic patterns of speech back into sound. With this device, Alvin Liberman, Cooper, and Pierre Delattre (later joined by Katherine Safford Harris , Leigh Lisker, Arthur Abramson, and others), discovered the acoustic cues for the perception of phonetic segments (consonants and vowels). Liberman and colleagues proposed a motor theory of speech perception to resolve the acoustic complexity: they hypothesized that we perceive speech by tapping into a biological specialization, a speech module, that contains knowledge of the acoustic consequences of articulation. Liberman, aided by Frances Ingemann and others, organized the results of the work on speech cues into a groundbreaking set of rules for speech synthesis by the Pattern Playback .
Franklin S. Cooper and Katherine Safford Harris, working with Peter MacNeilage , were the first researchers in the U.S. to use electromyographic techniques, pioneered at the University of Tokyo, to study the neuromuscular organization of speech. Leigh Lisker and Arthur Abramson looked for simplification at the level of articulatory action in the voicing of certain contrasting consonants. They showed that many acoustic properties of voicing contrasts arise from variations in voice onset time, the relative phasing of the onset of vocal cord vibration and the end of a consonant. Their work has been widely replicated and elaborated, here and abroad, over the following decades. Donald Shankweiler and Michael Studdert-Kennedy used a dichotic listening technique (presenting different nonsense syllables simultaneously to opposite ears) to demonstrate the dissociation of phonetic (speech) and auditory (nonspeech) perception by finding that phonetic structure devoid of meaning is an integral part of language, typically processed in the left cerebral hemisphere. Liberman, Cooper, Shankweiler, and Studdert-Kennedy summarized and interpreted fifteen years of research in “Perception of the Speech Code,” still among the most cited papers in the speech literature. It set the agenda for many years of research at Haskins and elsewhere by describing speech as a code in which speakers overlap (or coarticulate) segments to form syllables. Researchers at Haskins connected their first computer to a speech synthesizer designed by the Laboratories’ engineers. Ignatius Mattingly , with British collaborators, John N. Holmes and J.N. Shearme , adapted the Pattern playback rules to write the first computer program for synthesizing continuous speech from a phonetically spelled input. A further step toward a reading machine for the blind combined Mattingly’s program with an automatic look-up procedure for converting alphabetic text into strings of phonetic symbols.
In 1970 Haskins Laboratories moved to New Haven, Connecticut and entered into affiliation agreements with Yale University and the University of Connecticut. Isabelle Liberman, Donald Shankweiler, and Alvin Liberman teamed up with Ignatius Mattingly to study the relationship between speech perception and reading, a topic implicit in the Laboratories’ research program since its inception. They developed the concept of phonemic awareness, the knowledge that would-be readers must be aware of the phonemic structure of their language in order to be able to read. Leonard Katz related the work to contemporary cognitive theory and provided expertise in experimental design and data analysis. Under the broad rubric of the “alphabetic principle ted baker dresses 2016,” this is the core of the Laboratories’ present program of reading pedagogy. Patrick Nye joined the Laboratories to lead a team working on the reading machine for the blind. The project culminated when the addition of an optical character recognizer allowed investigators to assemble the first automatic text-to-speech reading machine. By the end of the decade this technology had advanced to the point where commercial concerns assumed the task of designing and manufacturing reading machines for the blind .
In 1973 Franklin S. Cooper was selected to form a panel of six experts charged with investigating the famous 18-minute gap in the White House office tapes of President Richard Nixon related to the Watergate scandal
Building on earlier work, Philip Rubin developed the sinewave synthesis program, which was then used by Robert Remez, Rubin, and colleagues to show that listeners can perceive continuous speech without traditional speech cues from a pattern of sinewaves that track the changing resonances of the vocal tract. This paved the way for a view of speech as a dynamic pattern of trajectories through articulatory-acoustic space. Philip Rubin and colleagues developed Paul Mermelstein’s anatomically simplified vocal tract model , originally worked on at Bell Laboratories, into the first articulatory synthesizer that can be controlled in a physically meaningful way and used for interactive experiments.
Studies of different writing systems supported the controversial hypothesis that all reading necessarily activates the phonological form of a word before, or at the same time, as its meaning. Work included experiments by George Lukatela , Michael Turvey , Leonard Katz , Ram Frost , Laurie Feldman , and Shlomo Bentin , in a variety of languages. Cross-language work on reading, including investigations of the brain process involved, remains a large part of the Laboratories’ program today.
Various researchers developed compatible theoretical accounts of speech production, speech perception and phonological knowledge. Carol Fowler proposed a direct realism theory of speech perception: listeners perceive gestures not by means of a specialized decoder, as in the motor theory, but because information in the acoustic signal specifies the gestures that form it. J. A. Scott Kelso and colleagues demonstrated functional synergies in speech gestures experimentally. Elliot Saltzman developed a dynamical systems theory of synergetic action and implemented the theory as a working model of speech production. Linguists Catherine Browman and Louis Goldstein developed the theory of articulatory phonology , in which gestures are the basic units of both phonetic action and phonological knowledge. Articulatory phonology, the task dynamic model, and the articulatory synthesis model are combined into a gestural computational model of speech production. Saltzman and Rubin started the IS group to explore cutting edge developments in science and technology and foster collaboration across institutions and disciplines. The group, not formally affiliated with Haskins Laboratories, continues to meet.
Katherine Safford Harris, Frederica Bell-Berti and colleagues studied the phasing and cohesion of articulatory speech gestures. Kenneth Pugh was among the first scientists to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to reveal brain activity associated with reading and reading disabilities. Pugh, Donald Shankweiler , Weija Ni , Einar Mencl , and colleagues developed novel applications of neuroimaging to measure brain activity associated with understanding sentences. Philip Rubin, Louis Goldstein and Mark Tiede designed a radical revision of the articulatory synthesis model, known as CASY , the configurable articulatory synthesizer. This 3-dimensional model of the vocal tract permits researchers to replicate MRI images of actual speakers. Douglas Whalen , Goldstein, Rubin and colleagues extended this work to study the relation between speech production and perception. Donald Shankweiler, Susan Brady , Anne Fowler , and others explored whether weak memory and perception in poor readers are tied specifically to phonological deficits. Evidence rejected broader cognitive deficits underlying reading difficulties and raised questions about impaired phonological representations in disabled readers.
Anne Fowler and Susan Brady launched the Early Reading Success (ERS) program , part of the Haskins Literacy Initiative which promotes the science of teaching reading. The ERS program was a demonstration project examining the efficacy of professional development in reading instruction for teachers of children in kindergarten through second grade. The Mastering Reading Instruction program , which combines professional development with Haskins-trained mentors, was a continuation of ERS. David Ostry and colleagues explored the neurological underpinning of motor control using a robot arm to influence jaw movement. Douglas Whalen and Khalil Iskarous pioneered the pairing of ultrasound, used here to monitor articulators that cannot be seen, and Optotrak, an opto-electronic position-tracking device, used here to monitor visible articulators. Donald Shankweiler and David Braze developed an eye movement laboratory that combines eye tracking data with brain activity measures for investigating reading processes in normal and disabled readers. Laura Koenig and Jorge C. Lucero studied the development of laryngeal and aerodynamic control in children’s speech. In March 2005 Haskins Laboratories moved to a new state-of-the-art facility on George Street in New Haven. In 2008 Ken Pugh of Yale University was named President and Director of Research, succeeding Carol Fowler who remains at Haskins as a Senior Advisor. In 2009 Haskins released its new Strategic Plan , which features new Birth-to-Five and Bilingualism initiatives.
The Haskins Training Institute was established in 2011 to provide direct educational opportunities in Haskins Laboratories’ core areas of research (language, speech perception, speech production, literacy). The Training Institute serves to communicate this knowledge to the public through accessible seminars, small conferences, and intern and training positions.
Capabilities in the eye movement labs is expanded to include 3 eye trackers, including one with the ability to capture synchronous gaze and EEG data, and another able to capture synchronous gaze and speech signals.
In December 2015, Haskins Laboratories convened a Global Literacy Summit. This was a three day meeting of scientists and representatives from governmental and non-governmental organizations around the globe, who are working with programs in the developing world to support literacy and education in disadvantaged populations.