The Korail Class 351000 trains, formerly identified as Korail Class 2000 trains, are commuter electric multiple units in South Korea used on Bundang Line and Suin Line. Class 351000 trains were manufactured and delivered between 1993 and 2013.
The Class 351000 cars are arranged in 6-car trains. Details of the car types of each train are listed below:
3510XX (ex-20XX) – Tc (trailer driving car with SIV, air compressor, and battery)
3511XX (ex-22XX) – M (motor car with inverter and controller)
3512XX (ex-23XX) – M’ (motor car with pantograph, transformer, inverter, and controller)
3513XX (ex-24XX) – T (trailer car)
3514XX (ex-25XX) – M’
3519XX (ex-21XX) – Tc
Trains 351-09, 351-11~351-12, 351-14, 351-17~351-18, and 351-20~351-28 use Toshiba GTO-based VVVF controls with active cooling, while all other trains use IGBT controls with passive cooling through a heat pipe. The trains are equipped with regenerative braking, reducing energy consumption and simplifying train inspection. The trains feature a more powerful air conditioning system than that on the Class 1000 trains.
The 1st and 2nd generation Class 351000 trains used an ivory-colored interior with a long sheet prior to their overhauls. All 1st and 2nd generation trains, as well as subsequent generation, use a white interior. LED display monitors are installed on the top of each car. The end cars have a space for wheelchairs.
The Class 351000 trains equipped with TGIS use color displays, and service machines can be automatically controlled in TGIS after a refurbishment of these trains in 2005. Dead section notifiers are also installed.
The Class 351000 trains used on the Bundang Line are stored at the Bundang Depot, which is located between Jukjeon Station and Bojeong Station running water bottle belt. The Class 351000 trains used on the Suin Line are stored at the Siheung Depot, which is located between Oido Station and Darwol Station.
The first generation of Class 351000 trains were built from 1993 to 1999 by Daewoo Heavy Industries and Hanjin Heavy Industries. Because of the flat front ends, the trains are nicknamed “flat face” (납작이). The first generation trains are numbered 351-01~351-22; the trains were renumbered from trains 2-47~2-48, 2-50, 2-55~2-69, and 2-73~2-76.
The second generation of Class 351000 trains were built in 2003 by ROTEM (Railroading Technology System) to address the extension of the Bundang Line from Suseo Station to Seolleung Station. The car body as a whole was redesigned what can i use to tenderize meat; the cab ends of the driving cars were changed completely, and the side windows are now coated and in a single piece (as opposed to the two-window setup between doors). Because of the circular front view, the trains are nicknamed “round face” (동글이).
The third generation Class 351000 trains were built from 2011 to 2014 by Hyundai Rotem to address the numerous extensions of the Bundang Line as well as the opening and the first extension of the rebuilt Suin Line. The front ends have been updated once again, and the trains feature snake-like headlights, giving the trains the nickname “뱀눈이” (roughly translated as “snake eyes”). The interior was also updated, and the door motors are now electric-powered as opposed to air-powered. The third generation trains operating on the Bundang Line are numbered 351-29~351-43, while the third generation trains operating on the Suin Line are numbered 351-61~351-72.
Trains 351-29~351-33 and 351-61~351-68 were manufactured in 2011 to address the extension of the Bundang Line from Bojeong Station to Giheung Station, and the opening of the rebuilt Suin Line from Oido Station to Songdo Station. Because the Suin Line had not yet opened before the trains were delivered, trains 351-61~351-64 provided additional service on the former Jungang Line when the trains on the line were suddenly reduced from eight cars to six cars.
Trains 351-34~351-40 were originally manufactured in 2012 to address the extension of the Bundang Line from Giheung Station to Mangpo Station. These trains originally used two converted Class 321000 cars per train, but when the Class 321000 trains were re-extended to eight cars per train, the trains were taken out of service until two new cars were created per train in 2014.
Trains 351-41~351-43 and 351-69~351-72 were manufactured in 2013 to address the extension of the Bundang Line from Mangpo Station to Suwon Station and the extension of the Suin Line from Songdo Station to Incheon Station. They were among the first cars to be delivered with LED headlights. Because the Suin Line extension had not yet opened before the trains were delivered, trains 351-69~351-72 provided additional service on the Bundang Line while trains 351-34~351-40 were out of service.
The fourth generation Class 351000 trains are being built starting from 2017 by Hyundai Rotem to address the final extension of the rebuilt Suin Line, which is envisioned to interconnect with the Bundang Line and create a seamless “Bundang-Suin” line. The front ends have been updated once again, and the trains feature updates such as single-arm pantographs (similar to those used on ITX-Saemaul trains and KTX trains), CCTV cameras, and a third headlight in the same compartment as the destination sign and the run number indicator. The fourth generation trains are numbered 351-73~351-78.
The first and second generation Class 351000 trains were overhauled from 2003 to 2005 (though minor refurbishments were started in 2002). Major and minor refurbishments are listed below.
The Daegu subway fire compelled Korail to introduce flame-resistant interiors for passenger safety. As a result water bottle waist pack running, all first and second generation trains were overhauled with fire-retardant interiors from 2003 to 2005. All third and fourth generation trains were delivered to be fire-retardant from the beginning.
All first and second generation trains featured a livery consisting of red and orange stripes. These trains were repainted into a two-tone blue and yellow livery from 2003 to 2005. The new livery has a metaphor of Taegeuk, but was criticized as being too primitive-looking. The livery is applied only on front and on the doors.
Until 2017, trains 351-61~351-72 used a two-tone red and blue livery, the same livery used on Line 1 and Gyeongui-Jungang Line trains.
From July 2008, all 1st and 2nd generation trains were retrofitted with automatic gangway doors (similar retrofits were also done in Class 311000, Class 321000, and Class 341000 trains). This retrofit included the installation of automatic doors to replace the older doors that were manually pulled open; gangway doors can now be automatically opened by the push of a button. This retrofit process was completed by February 2012.
All trains that were delivered with incandescent headlights are now being retrofitted with LED headlights, following the successful testing of LED headlights on the Korail Class 311000 cars.
In 2011, the 1st and 2nd generation Class 351000 trains were renumbered from the 2030-series to the 351000-series as a part of a new numbering scheme by Korail (the leading “3” indicating a metro car). Renumbering was finished by mid-2011.